Jaw Contouring is a type of surgery in which the objective of treatment is to narrow the lower one-third of the face—particularly the contribution from the mandible and its muscular attachments. There are several techniques for treatment-including surgical and non surgical methods.
The size of the jawbone determines the width of the lower face. If the bone is thick and wide or the muscle is thick and bulky, it will result in a widened face. To reduce the size of the jaw line, the bone is filed down and a portion of the muscle is removed. The muscle will still function properly but the fullness will be reduced. This will create a more oval shaped jaw line with a softer and smoother angle.
Surgical techniques are used to directly reduce the size of an enlarged mandible. Incision can be to the inside or outside of the mouth, though the internal incision is the most common because it leaves no visible scar. A burr is used to remove the outer layer of the enlarged mandible, narrowing the jaw.
There are several jaw reduction techniques available-both surgical and non-surgical. Ideally prior to selection of a treatment, the patient is examined to determine whether the cause is due to the bone, the masseter or both. Additionally, if a treatable cause is present it should be identified.
Convenient Method for Jaw Contouring
Non-surgical techniques are essentially limited to cases in which the masseter is enlarged. A convenient method to treat an enlarged muscle is through the use of Botox injections. Botox is injected into the enlarged muscle, weakening it so it slowly becomes smaller through atrophy over several months. There is no downtime and improvement is gradual-individuals who interact with the patient may never know that a Botox procedure was performed. The use of Botox for jaw reduction has been studied scientifically. The Botox procedure can result in temporary paralysis of the muscles.